Chromosome testing examines a person's chromosome number and structure to detect abnormalities in chromosomes. Chromosomes are thread-like structures in the nucleus of all cells that contain all the body's information. Each chromosome contains thousands of genes in specific locations. These genes are responsible for the physical characteristics of humans. Genes have important effects on growth, development and function. Some of the problems can be determined by performing a chromosome test in people with genetic diseases or people with chromosomal diseases.
During the chromosome test, a sample of the person's cell is taken from the blood. This sample is then cultured in a nutrient-rich medium, allowing cells to divide. The triggering of division is important for the differentiation of chromosomes. The separated chromosomes are placed in a special chain and microphotographs of the chromosomes are taken. These photos are then arranged to match the pairs. After the photographs of the chromosomes are arranged, the laboratory specialist evaluates the chromosome pairs. During this evaluation, it is investigated whether there is any anomaly.