Cytogenetics is the part of genetics that examines chromosomes in number and structure. In cytogenetic analysis, chromosomes are obtained from cells that have the ability to divide, such as blood, skin, and amniotic cells. In addition, chromosomes can be obtained directly from some tissues such as bone marrow, chorionic villi, testis.
The diagnosis of some genetic diseases can be made by cytogenetic analysis.
Cytogenetic analysis; in advanced age pregnancies, growth and developmental delays detected during pregnancy or after birth (gender development disorders, short stature, intellectual retardation, etc.), inability to conceive, recurrent miscarriage or stillbirth, a known or suspected chromosomal disorder in the family's first degree relatives, It is necessary in many cases such as diagnosis and follow-up of cancer patients.
In order to perform cytogenetic analysis, it must first be determined what it will be used for and which method will be used. For example, if this test is performed for the diagnosis of hematological cancer, a biopsy should be performed from tissues such as bone marrow and cytogenetic studies should be planned from this tissue. If the test is done for a reason such as short stature or intellectual disability in a child, it is often done from a sample such as a venous blood sample or a skin biopsy. On the other hand, if the physician deems it appropriate, the test can also be performed during pregnancy from amniotic fluid or the tissue of the child.
DETAGEN continues to work as a reliable center that can respond to all cytogenetic analyzes with its technological infrastructure and knowledge.